Generally what we refer to as “bunions” are the bony prominences on the side of the big toe. Strictly speaking a bunion ( the medical term for this is Hallux valgus) is a deformity of bone the big toe where the bones move gradually into a position of mal-alignment. The big toe may turn in toward the second toe and the tissues surrounding the joint may be swollen and tender.
They are usually inherited and can occur in children and adults.
Poorly fitting shoes can make this condition worse but they do not cause it. A Chiropodist / Podiatrist can give advice on appropriate measures ( exercises, orthotics, night splints, bunions shields) to reduce discomfort. In sever cases surgery can be very effective in straightening the toe and alleviating the discomfort. If surgery is deemed appropriate then we can refer you to a Podiatric Surgeon for consultation.